2 Responses to “Metadata: Dublin Core & PREMIS”

  1. Henrik Pettersen Says:

    Interesting. But what about the metadata CONTEXT?
    – When was the metadata statements made?
    – Who made these statements?
    – Where were they made?
    – etc.

    Context is very important for enabling a reinterpretation of the metadata, when some of the underlying assumptions about the metadata statements have to be reevaluated:
    – is this a TRUSTED person?
    – Geo-political references (e.g. East Germany)
    – Names as Unique Identifiers (e.g. a person/city changing his/its name)
    – General Assumptions (e.g. ‘Iraq is in civil war’)
    – etc.

    Amnesty International Case modelling is a great example of how changes in your undelying assumptions can ripple through changes in your metadata model.

  2. Joss Says:

    Yes, the metadata context is always expected to be recorded, too. So when Joss catalogues an image, the system should record that it is me doing so, on March 22nd 2006, using the ADAM system (actually, ADAM doesn’t do this right now but it soon will). In an archival system, the adding of metadata is always controlled so users are trusted.

    I think you’re thinking of open, social systems, which are not seen as part of the archival tradition and, as far as I know, not catered for by existing standards. Archiving, particularly, the preservation process which this course is about, is not an individual activity but occurs in a controlled, institutional environment. In this environment, the metadata context is very clear (standards compliant).

    And the reason that so many archival standards exist is so that we can reliably interpret metadata at a later stage by understanding the particular standard that the object was catalogued against (the standard defines the ‘archive environment’). Personal names are indeed difficult to deal with but there are recognised rules for dealing with them that Librarians and Archivists apply. Subjective statements are identified as just that in the metadata structure. Geo-political references are identified by the standard you choose to refer to. In our case, it’s AI’s country keyword list. Others may use the ISO 3166-1 standard.

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